I N T E R N A T I O N A L
The development of the Model 1897 “French 75” made every other country’s existing cannons obsolete overnight.
The United States was no exception.
The M1902/04 and finally the M1905 were developed in quick succession to incorporate the new smokeless powders, metallic-cased fixed ammunition, nickel steel barrels, and a modern long recoil system.
Total production made between 1905 and 1917 was 441 units. While modest by later needs, it was assumed the United States would not become involved in "European wars". When the United States became involved in World War 1 the decision was made to follow France with a 75mm caliber system. Accordingly, the 1905 and predecessors were relegated to training and National Guard use.
After the war they were used for salute guns and distributed to military schools and Veterans groups for display.
This M1905 is one that was purportedly displayed on a now closed military school campus.
The cannon is in remarkably good condition considering it apparently was outside most of its life. Both the metal and wood wheels are sound probably due to the many layers of paint present.
As a collector item, the M1905 is significant as the United States first modern cannon. Had it not been for WW1 and the need for ammunition commonality with France, it would have undoubtedly otherwise been the army's main field gun.
Not to be overlooked however, is the important role it did play in training our troops in WW1 and beyond.